This essay is about António de Oliveira Salazar ? Political speech and Human Rights ?retoric?. The education and training, the means used by Salazar which allowed him to develop and assert himself into society were the genesis of the production, use and manipulation of Salazar?s discourse. The speech has definitely been a mark of the trajectory of António de Oliveira Salazar, in his rise to power - the goal of our investigation ? even though the comparison of theory and practice takes us to a stint occurred between 1933 and 1968. The analysis of Salazar?s speech allowed us a deep recognition of the regime, which lasted four decades, but demanded a functional analysis of this formidable strategic tool, which would certainly mark for a long time, even in different degrees, according to cases and sectors, by permeability or reaction, the collective mentality of the Portuguese citizens.