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01 The Spanish Organic Law 3/2007, on women and men equality, establishes a double quota of gender representation on electoral lists. This fact changed the gender composition of local governments at the most general and elementary level of the Spanish political organization. Politicians have had to reconfigure and redefine both their practices and their imaginary, to adapt to this new necessarily heterogeneous social stage. This dissertation evaluates the gender equality situation in Galician local governments in order to know if the Gender Equality Law has been an effective tool to create an equal participation environment. At the same time this research analyzes and discerns covert practices of discrimination against women. Through a specifically developed methodology, this research presents a detailed analysis of the female access to municipal power, as well as of the different situations of vulnerability in which women are found in the different stages of the political process: from the selection of the candidates, to the appointment of political positions and in the distribution of the management of the work?s areas. This dissertation contributes to identify potential risk situations for women arising from this new stage of gender political participation. In consequence, these bad practices could be corrected through the implementation of specific measures to reduce inequality and, contributing to achieve effective gender equality.