The Chair on Development and Poverty Eradication aims at promoting the engagement of universities around the world towards the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through training, advocacy and research. It was established by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals Fund (SDG-F). As part of the Chair’s work, this book introduces a global vision of Goal 16. This Goal includes peace, access to justice and strong institutions as key elements to accomplish the 2030 Agenda. Authors have carried specific research studies on each of the subjects involved in Goal 16, which could be extremely useful to readers. The international community needs to make an authentic effort to achieve the SDGs. In order to accomplish this task, academic studies should play a key role. By researching and studying the SDGs, in all their different dimensions, academia can contribute to inform policy making for eradicating poverty and ensuring the welfare of everyone, leaving no one behind. These are the main purposes of this book. The analysis and recommendations of this report do not necessarily reflect the official views of the SDG Fund, the United Nations or its Member States.