What guarantees of rights and freedoms exist? Who enjoys them? Before whom? Why should one right prevail over another? What elements must be taken into account? This volume compiles thirteen representative cases that highlight some of the fundamental rights and freedoms recognized in the Spanish Constitution, such as the principle of equality, the right to freedom of expression and the right to honour, and considers the above questions. Cross-cutting issues are also presented, alongside relevant decisions and final judgments. The study of these cases has a twofold purpose: to raise awareness of the rights and freedoms recognized in the Magna Carta and in the European Convention on Human Rights, and to develop the tools needed to argue on the basis of legal notions and to cultivate a critical approach toward the law, constitutional interpretation and, ultimately, society as a whole.